Dentist Dr. Mike Deldar at Deldar Dental, a Noblesville IN dental clinic, serves the communities of Indianapolis, Carmel, Fishers, Westfield, Lapel, Hamilton County, and surrounding areas.

Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Bad breath, bad taste? 

It's gingivitis or periodontitis (gum disease).

What puts me at risk?

Smoking can put your oral health at risk of periodontitis. 55% of patients with periodontitis are current smokers (for comparison, only 18% of the US population are current smokers). 22% of patients with periodontitis are former smokers. People who smoke a pack or more a day are 6 times more likely to develop gum disease than non-smokers. Age is another factor. Unfortunately, unlike smoking, this isn’t something you can control. The older you get, the greater your risk is of developing gum disease. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that over 70% of people 65 years or older have suffered from gum disease.

Certain medications, including some oral contraceptives, antidepressants, and heart medicines have possible side effects of increasing your risk for gum disease. Look out for medications that carry the side effect of making you produce less saliva. Your pharmacist will inform you if gum disease is indeed a risk because of your medication. Hormone changes, especially in young women, are also a significant risk factor associated with gum disease.

What are the symptoms?



• Gums swollen and more red than pink.
• Tender or bleeding gums.
• Sensitivity while chewing.
• Receding gums. If it looks like your teeth are getting bigger, know that it is actually your gums getting smaller.
• Loose or separating teeth.
• Frequent bad breath or bad taste in the mouth.

What Are the Different Types of Gum Disease?

GINGIVITUS

Although gingivitis is known as gum disease, it’s more a simple inflammation of the gums than an actual disease. When you allow plaque to just sit on your teeth, in about 10 days it hardens into dental calculus (better known as tartar), which contributes to gum disease This tartar produces bacteria that results in red, swelling, and possibly even bleeding gums.

PERIODONTITIS

If gingivitis is left untreated, it can develop into periodontitis (true gum disease). Plaque spreads below the gum line and starts to damage the bone and tissue that support the teeth. Severe inflammation will make the gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets that are easily infected. Sometimes teeth have to be removed after they become loose from the effects of periodontitis.

MAKE AN APPOINTMENT

Deldar Dental, a Noblesville IN Dental Clinic, provides family dentistry, cosmetic dental treatment options, restorative dentistry, neuromuscular dentistry (TMJ), dental implants, snoring & sleep apnea solutions, oral health prevention, periodontal gum care, sedation treatments, and orthodontics to the communities of Indianapolis, Carmel, Fishers, Westfield, Lapel, Hamilton County, and surrounding areas.

 

317-208-0000 | 14753 Hazel Dell Crossing Ste. 700 Noblesville IN 46062
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