Smoking can put your oral health at risk of periodontitis. 55% of patients with periodontitis are current smokers (for comparison, only 18% of the US population are current smokers). 22% of patients with periodontitis are former smokers. People who smoke a pack or more a day are 6 times more likely to develop periodontal gum disease Noblesville than non-smokers.
Age is another factor. Unfortunately, unlike smoking, this isn’t something you can control. The older you get, the greater your risk is of developing gum disease. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that over 70% of people 65 years or older have suffered from gum disease.
Certain medications, including some oral contraceptives, antidepressants, and heart medicines have possible side effects of increasing your risk for gum disease. Look out for medications that carry the side effect of making you produce less saliva. Your pharmacist will inform you if gum disease is indeed a risk because of your medication.
Hormone changes, especially in young women, are also a significant risk factor associated with gum disease.
Although gingivitis is known as gum disease, it’s more a simple inflammation of the gums than an actual disease. When you allow plaque to just sit on your teeth, in about 10 days it hardens into dental calculus (better known as tartar), which contributes to gum disease This tartar produces bacteria that results in red, swelling, and possibly even bleeding gums.
If gingivitis is left untreated, it can develop into periodontitis (true gum disease). Plaque spreads below the gum line and starts to damage the bone and tissue that support the teeth. Severe inflammation will make the gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets that are easily infected. Sometimes teeth have to be removed after they become loose from the effects of periodontitis.
Dr. Mike Deldar, family dentist Noblesville, can help treat your bad breath. Book a consultation and take the first step to a fresh breath!
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